Mark-up: Annotating Text for Item Writing

Consider this Part II of how to avoid writing superficial items. I thought it might be helpful to give a real example of what annotating text for item writing might look like. I started out by doing what I usually do: printing out a page and marking it up. But! My handwriting is bad. Not […]

Go Deep: How to Avoid Writing Superficial Reading Comprehension and Literary Analysis Items

Item writing is so complex–it is this interweaving of interpretation and analysis and extension of ideas beyond the text; it is the conjoining of skills and knowledge in order to measure students’ skills and knowledge. There are so many ways to get it wrong. In writing items to measure reading comprehension, one of the most […]

The Big Idea, or Focus, Cross-Referenced to Basic Rules of Item Writing

What comes before preparation is intention, which we previously discussed here. Still, the concept of the Big Idea bears further exploration.Let’s consider how we might approach this grade 4 standard from the CCSS, RL.4.2: Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. This standard is passage-dependent; […]